Sovereignty Belongs to the Nation: In Commemoration of the 97th Anniversary

This digital exhibition is composed of Republic Day Ceremony photographs and related documents from VEKAM Archive Collections for the commemoration of the 97th anniversary of the Republic.


Proclamation of the republic

During the meal I declared:  “Tomorrow we shall proclaim the republic!” The Comrades present hastened to join in my opinion. We got up, and Immediately afterwards. I drafted a short programme of action containing the role which I assigned to each of the Comrades. (Atatürk, 1934/2005, p.641)

The articles of the Constitutional Law of 20th January 1921 refering to the State Constitution I had altered as follows: At the and of the first article I added the sentences: “The form of the Government of the Turkish state is a republic”. (Atatürk, 1934/2005, p.641)

The Republic Day Official Ceremony

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Scouts visiting Ankara on the occasion of the Republic Day

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The official Ceremony of the Troops

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The official Ceremony Album of the 1929’s Republic Day

Mustafa Kemal Atatürk, İsmet İnönü, Fevzi Çakmak, Kazım Özalp and the other government officials leaving the 2nd Grand National Assembly Building after the ceremony.


Gentlemen! the resolution containing the proclamation of the republicbhad been carried in the assembly on evening of 29 october 1923, at 8.30 fifteen minutes later,  that is to say, at 8.45, its president was elected. The event was brought to the knowledge of the whole country the same night and was announced after midnight everywhere buy a salute of 101 guns. (Atatürk, 1934/2005, p.649)

MUSTAFA KEMAL ATATÜRK

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The official Ceremony of the Troops

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The official ceremony of the Troops in front of the 1st Grand National Assembly Building


Our government today, our state organization today, is a government and a state organization that the nation directly operates, which is called Republic. There is no longer a separation present between the government and the nation which the past days carried. The government is the nation, and the nation is the government. Henceforth the government and the government officials understand completely that they are no different than the nation, and the nation is the master. (Kurtuluş 1923, 2013, p.23)

Atatürk, leaving the 2nd Grand National Assembly Building on the Republic Day

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Official Ceremony of the Republic Day

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The Republic Day Ceremony on Ulus Square

“Sovereignty rests unconditionally with the nation. Peace at Home, Peace in the World.”

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The Republic Day Ball in Ankara Palas

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The invitation belonging to the 31st anniversary reception of the Republic Day, organized by the President

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The panels prepared by students for the celebration of Republic Day


References

  1. Kurtuluş (Liberation) 1923. (2013). Ankara: Koç University VEKAM.
  2. Atatürk, M. K. (2005) Nutuk (The Great Speech). Atatürk Kültür, Dil ve Tarih Yüksek Kurumu Atatürk Arştırma Merkezi Yayınları. (Orijinal printing 1934).