Finding Aid

Descriptive Summary


Compiled by private collector.


AKMED Stereoscopic Glass Slides Collection

Collection Number



The stereoscopic glass slides in the collection contain photographs of archaeological sites taken by scholars visiting western Anatolia between about 1895 and 1910.

The collection consists of albumin images on glass, with each image having both negative and positive. Purchased from a private collector in Paris in 2008, the collection sheds light on the history, architecture, and lifestyle of the period concerned.

Ownership Information

Access Restriction

This collection is open to research.


All images and materials are for viewing purposes and users may not copy, reproduce, distribute in any form, perform, alter, adapt or add to materials in whatsoever form without express written consent of Koç University. Any educational and academic uses which are permitted under the compliance to the relevant laws must credit AKMED Koç University. For more information, contact us at:

Preferred Citation

[Title of the item], AKMED Stereoscopic Glass Slides Collection, STRDIA 1, Koç University AKMED Library.

Acquisition Information

This collection was purchased by Ahmet Abut in Paris in 2008.

Classification Information

Classified by AKMED Personnel.

General Definition

Negative-positive glass stereo images first began to be produced in the 1850s, and were viewed with a special instrument called a stereoscope. The photographs were taken using cameras with a double lens, and when placed in the stereoscope they are seen as three-dimensional images. The system was invented by the British scientist and inventor Charles Wheatstone and further developed by David Brewster. Stereographs became popular in the 1860s, and in 1862, to give just one example, the London Stereoscopic Company sold more than 300,000 stereographs of the Great London Exposition.

The first stereograph images of Istanbul and Anatolia were taken with albumin on glass by Claude-Marie Ferrier in 1859. In the 1880s, sales of cameras increased, and soon amateur photographers were taking stereo images as well. This activity continued into the 1920s.

Between 1896 and 1912, the French Revue générale des sciences organized archaeological tours known as the croisières des savants. Such renowned archaeologists as Charles Diehl and Gustave Fougères participated in these trips as lecturers, with the touring groups being met by the directors of archaeological excavations. The trips would depart from Toulon in France and visit Italy and Greece before arriving in Türkiye, where they would visit ancient sites like Didyma, Miletus, Hierapolis, and Aphrodisias. The touring groups were made up of wealthy and highly cultured archaeophiles.

Bibliographical Note

  1. Images from the city of Phokaia were collected from the Felix Sartiaux Excavation Archive.
  2. Bursa images were exhibited on 3rd Dimension of Bursa at the Bursa Metropolitan Municipality City Museum on April 15, 2008, Tuesday, 2008: Suna-İnan Kıraç Research Institute on Mediterranean Civilizations Collection 1904-1912 / Those who prepared the project; Akif Koçyiğit, Ahmet Erdönmez, Kayhan Dörtlük, Ahmet Abut; edited by: Raif Kaptanoğlu, İsmail Cengiz, Aysun Yedikardeş; Translation: Sanem İlke, Aysun Yedikardeş



Excavations (Archaeological).

Ancient Cities (Phokaia, Troia, Pergamum, Ephesus, Bursa, Aizonai).

Western Anatolia (Ionia, Caria, Phrygia).

Detailed Descriptions of the Collection & Boxes

  1. Box (STR I) Phrygia
  2. Box (STR II) Phrygia, Ionia (Aizonai, Herakleia, Sardes, Priene,
  3. Box (STR III) Ionia (Priene, Didyma, Milet)
  4. Box (STR IV) Ionia (Didyma, Tralles, Sardes, Aydın, Magnesia am Maeandrum)
  5. Box (STR V) Ionia, Caria (Ayvalık, Manisa, Aphrodisias)
  6. Box (STR VI) Caria (Herakleia, Aphrodisias)
  7. Box (STR VII) Caria (Aphrodisias, Hierapolis)
  8. Box (STR VIII) Caria (Hierapolis, Çanakkale, Troia)
  9. Box (STR IX) Troia, Çanakkale
  10. Box (STR X) Troia, Pergamum
  11. Box (STR XI) Pergamum, Priene, Hierapolis
  12. Box (STR XII) Troia, Tralleis, Foça
  13. Box (STR XIII) Foça
  14. Box (STR XIV) Foça
  15. Box (STR XV) Foça
  16. Box (STR XVI) Foça
  17. Box (STR XVII) Foça
  18. Box (STR XVIII) Foça, Ephesus
  19. Box (STR XIX) Ephesus, Foça
  20. Box (STR XX) Foça
  21. Box (STR XXI) Foça
  22. Box (STR XXII) İzmir, Ephesus
  23. Box (STR XXIII) İzmir, Ephesus
  24. Box (STR XXIV) İzmir, Ephesus
  25. Box (STR XXV) Bursa
  26. Box (STR XXVI) Bursa
  27. Box (STR XXVII) Bursa
  28. Box (STR XXVIII) Bursa
  29. Box (STR XXIX) Bursa
  30. Box (STR XXX) İzmir
  31. Box (STR XXXI) Ephesus, İzmir, İstanbul, Bursa